Rectangular Coordinate systems in 3-space, Vectors, Dot product, projections, Cross product, Parametric equations of a line, Planes in 3-space, Introduction to vector-valued functions. Calculus of vector-valued functions, Change of parameters, Arc Length, Unit Tangent, Normal and Binormal vectors, Curvature, Quadric Surfaces. Functions of two or more variables, Limits and continuity. Partial derivatives, Differentiability, Local Linearity. The Chain rule, Directional derivatives and gradients. Tangent planes and normal vectors, Maxima and minima of functions of two variables. Lagrange multipliers, Double integrals. Double integrals over non rectangular regions, Double integrals in polar coordinates, Triple integrals, Cylindrical and spherical coordinates, Triple integrals in cylindrical and Spherical coordinates
Newtonian mechanics, and thermal Physics, with topics include: Physics and measurement, Vectors, kinematics and dynamics of motion of a single particle in one and two dimensions, work and energy, system of particles, linear momentum and collisions, kinematics and dynamics of rotational motion, equilibrium of rigid bodies, and elasticity, fluid static and fluid dynamics, oscillatory motion, wave motion, and temperature and thermal equilibrium., Waves, Temperature, Heat.
Fundamentals of Materials
The workshop training program is designed to satisfy the following Objectives: Teaching safety rules and regulations on-site in an industrial environment Proper use of working tools, instruments, and machines, Introducing basic workshop practices, production, labor, and time-requirements of workshop operations. The students are introduced to training programs in nine workshops: electrical wiring, welding, forging, fitting , turning and milling, carpentry, plumbing auto-mechanics, and casting. The student is to spend 6 hours of training in every workshop
Torsion: Torsion theory, Polar second moment of area, Shear stress and shear strain in shafts, Hook’s law, Torsional rigidity, hollow shafts, thin-walled tubes, Composite shafts connections , Strain energy in torsion, Power transmitted by shafts, Combined stress systems,Internalforcesinbeams,beamdeflection.Thin Cylinders and Shells: Internal pressure, stresses, Thin rotating ring and spherical shell, pressure Vessels, Cylindrical vessel with hemispherical end, Effects of end plates and joints.
Thick cylinders:Longitudinal stress, Maximum shear stress, Compound cylinders, Shrinkage or interference allowance, Compound cylinder -different materials, Thick cylinder - internal pressure only, Comparison with thin cylinder theory. Complex Stresses:Stresses on oblique planes, Material subjected to pure shear, two mutually perpendicular direct stresses, combined stresses, Graphical solution - Mohr 's stress circle, Three-dimensional stresses -graphical representation.
Introduction to thermodynamics, Zeroeth law of thermodynamics, First law of thermodynamics, Thermodynamically reversible changes, Gas Expansion: maximum work, Heat capacity, Thermo-chemistry and its applications in metallurgy, Introduction to second law, Entropy, free energy and chemical equilibrium, some thermodynamic relationships involving entropy, some thermodynamic relationships involving free energy, Chemical equilibrium, controlled atmospheres, the equilibrium constant and the stability of compounds, Ellingham Diagrams, Introduction to solutions, ideal solutions: Raoults law, deviations from Raoults law, activities and activity coefficient, Henry's law and Sievert's law, Regular solutions, Free energy of mixing, The Gibbs-Duhem equation, Phase equilibrium, Thermodynamic phase equation, Phase rule, Phase diagrams, Unary Systems, Binary Systems, Ternary Systems.
Basic concepts and units, current, voltage, power, and energy,Potential difference, low of resistance, units of resistivity, Effect of temperature on resistance, conductance and conductivity, Ohm's law, Series cct., series elements, voltage sources in series, Voltage divider rule, Parallel cct., Parallel elements, current divider rule, Voltage source in parallel, short and open circuits, Kirchhoff’s current laws and voltage laws, Series – parallel cct. Conversions current source in series and parallel
delta/star transform, Star/delta Transform,Methods of analysis of current sources, Mesh analysis method, nodal analysis method, superposition, Maximum power Transfer, Power Transfer Efficiency, Theories compositions Thévenin and Norton theorem, division of current in parallel circuits, Compensation Theorem, Capacitors
Programming of linear equation: Array operations, Solving linear equations .Programming in MATLAB: Introduction, M-File scripts, M-File functions, Anatomy of a M-File function, Input and output arguments, Output commands .Debugging M-File: Introduction, Debugging process. GUI (Graphical User Interface): Introduction, Getting started, How to create GUIs with MATLAB.
Basic Component of Casting, Advantages and Disadvantages of Casting Methods, Molding and molding sands, classification of foundry process, casting and its types, pattern and pattern making, core and core making, furnaces, crucibles, molding tools and foundry equipment, Metal Casting Design, Solidification of pure metals and alloys –shrinkage in cast metals, Casting Methods.
Engineering Metallurgy II
The Iron/ Carbon phase diagram: The effect of rapid cooling, the Eutectoid reaction, the Peritectic diagram, plain carbon steels, mechanical properties microstructures, classification of plain carbon steel and uses, relationship between carbon content, microstructures and mechanical properties. Effect of some elements (Manganese, Silicon, Sulphur, Phosphourst.Cast Iron: Microstructures and mechanical properties, white cast iron, gray cast iron, malleable cast iron, the production of malleable cast iron. Types of Alloy Steel.Non-Ferrous Metals: Copper and its Alloys, Aluminum and its Alloys Recommended Textbook(s):
1. Materials and Processes in Manufacturing by E.P Degarmo 2. Process and Materials of Manufacturing by Lindberg
Hydrocarbons, aliphatics, ring, olifenes, acytelines, aromatics, Orbitals, Thermal cracking process, hydrogenation, reduction, Special reactions: oxidation and combustion, addition, substitution, nitration, Sulphonation, halogenation, polymerization, Halides, Alcohols and phenols, Ethers, Aldehydes and ketones, Carboxylic acids, esters, amino-acids, amides, Amines and some.
Analytical, experimental, or field work carried out in accordance with a preapproved project plan under the supervision of faculty member(s).
Continuation of previous work-Analytical, experimental, or field work carried out in accordance with a preapproved project plan under the supervision of facultymember(s).
Introduction: Investment Explained, Interest and Financial Mathematics. Simple interest. Compound interest. Graphical Conventions Single Payment, Uniform Series. Arithmetic Gradient Nominal and Effective Interest Rates Interest and Principal Separation, Present Worth Analysis. Present Worth Analysis. Investment in Bonds, Use computer software (MS Excel) to perform basic economical analyses Annual Worth Analysis, Rate of Return Analysis3, Analysis of Public Projects. The Benefit-Cost-Analysis Depreciation Methods, Depreciation Analysis using Computer software (MS Excel) Income Taxes. After tax analyses, Effects of Inflation, Loans Breakeven Analysis.
Course Content: Introduction: Why Professional Ethics?, What Is A Profession?, Professions as Social Practices, Models Of Professionalism, The Business Model, The Professional Model, Types Of Ethics Or Morality, Responsibility in Engineering, Engineering Standards, Framing the Problems, Resolving Problems, The Social and Value Dimensionsof Technology, Trust and Reliability, Risk and Liability in Engineering, Engineers in Organizations, Engineers and the Environment, Cases should be presented for use in conjunction with materials (over the world & local)Text Book: Engineering Ethics, Concepts And Cases, Charles E. Harris, Michael S. Pritchard, and Michael J. Rabins, 2009, 2005 Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, USA ISBN-10: 0-495-50279-0
Important technology , Engineering materials , Design , Factors effect of manufacturing method , classification ofManufacturing processes, their advantages and disadvantages,cutting tool materials, Tools geometrical shapes , Variables cutting effect, mechanism of chip formation, heat generation and cutting tool temperature, cutting forces,tool wear, tool life, cutting fluids,Vertical cutting , inclined cutting.
Shaping and planning,Plain Turning, Taper Turning, Thread Cutting, Estimation of machining time for the above turning processes, Drilling, Tapping, Reaming, milling, Surface Milling. Gear Cutting, Contour Milling, grinding, finishing operations, surface finish in machining
Engineering aspects of failure and failure analysis. Basic Concepts in Fracture Mechanics, Mechanics Of Fracture- Static Loading, Theories Of Failure, Fatigue, Basics of Fracture Toughness, Distorsionand Failure of Metals, Failure Analysis Of Creep Rupture Destructive Test Of Materials, Wear And Tear Strengthening Mechanisms.
Fundamentals of composites, need for composites,Types of fibers used in Composite materials and their chemical composition , Type of matrix used in Composite, Development of Composite fibers, Preparation of fibers and their performing , Reinforcing fibers, Properties of industrial , properties of Composite ,Non constructive evolution of Composites, Types of Composites , Hand layout process for Composites articles, Hand layout process for composites , Composites articles by injection mouldin, Non polymeric composites, Designing of articles from composite materials,
Criteria for selection of materials, application of statistics in materials selection, specification of steels,Composition, heat treatment, microstructure and properties of ferrous and non-ferrous alloys, ceramics andpolymers for light and heavy structural, corrosion resistant, magnetic, electrical and electronic applications,medical implants and prostheses application.
Selection for fatigue, Selection for creep and temperature resistance, Selection for wear resistance, Selection for thermal properties, Selection for electrical properties, Selection formagnatic properties, Selection of processes, surface finish, machining of metals, cost aspects of process selection.
Introduction , electric field , electric field strength , electric flux density ,Polarization mechanisms, electronic polarization , Ionic polarization , Orientation polarization, space charge polarization, total polarization of dielectric material , the internal field in solid and liquid the polarization catastrophe , capacitors, Effect of frequency on the dielectric constant , effect of temperature on polarization and dielectric constant . Important points for the selection of a dielectric materials ferroelectric materials , hysteresis curve , Electrostriction , piezoelectricity , Important requirements of good insulating materials , Dielectric loses , significance of the loss tangent , depending on of the loss tangent on temperature , and frequency , Dipolar relaxation frequency and temperature depending of the dielectric constant of polar dielectric properties of polymeric system , Ionic conductivity in insulator , magnetic permeability , magnetic susceptibility , Classification of magnetic in magnetic materials, B-H curve fore diamagnetic paramagnetic , Ferromagnetic materials Classification of magnetic materials(hard , and soft magnetic materials), Reflectors , Absorbers, Resonators, Sound insulation , airborne and impact insulation , Methods of improving airborne sound insulation of building element, Sound insulation, airborne and impact insulation , Methods of improving airborne sound insulation of building element , Vibration , Thermal conductivity, coefficient of thermal conductivity , Equivalent thickness of various walls , Compound wall, Thermal resistance , Properties of thermal insulation materials .
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