المواد والوحدات الدراسية لقسم الهندسة الكيمياوية

 

 

مفردات المقررات 

 

 

المرحلة الاولى 
Mathematics

       General review (coordinates, line, slope, conical sections), Functions, Inequalities, composition of functions, Greatest integer function, Function differentiation, Implicit differentiation and application of derivatives, Graph of maxima and minima, Limits, l’Hopital’s rule, Trigonometric functions, Hyperbolic functions,  Integration and its applications, Improper integrals, methods of integration, complex numbers. :Recommended Books 1. George B. Thomas and Ross L. Finney, “Calculus and Analytic Geometry, Addison- Wesley 2. George F. Simmons, “Calculus with Analytic Geometry”, McGraw-Hill.  

Organic Chemistry

       Hydrocarbons, aliphatics, ring, olifenes, acytelines, aromatics, Orbitals, Thermal cracking process, hydrogenation, reduction, Special reactions: oxidation and combustion, addition, substititution, nitration, Sulphonation, halogenation, polymerization, Halides, Alcohols and phenols, Ethers, Aldehydes and ketones, Carboxylic acids, esters, amino-acids, amides, Amines and some

. Practical Practical will be based on theory course.

Recommended Books Any text book in Organic chemistry

Analytical Chemistry

         Stoichiometric calculations, chemical coefficient, molarities, normality, titration, density, Equilibrium in the acids and bases, pH, graphs of titration, Indicators of bases and acids, Equilibrium in precipitation, solubility, partial precipitation, Analysis using oxidation and reduction, electromotive force, use of the half cell potentials, Nernest eq., Measure of concentration by potential of the cell. Selected Inorganic materials and reactions.

Practical Practical will be based on theory course.

Recommended Books: Any text book in Analytical chemistry.

Engineering Drawing

       Introduction to the drawing tools and how to use them, Composition of the engineering drawings, Letters, numbers, dimensions, Projection, Sectioning, Isometric drawing. Practical Practical will be based on theory course.

Recommended Books: 1. A First Year of Engineering Drawing By Parkinson 2. Fundamentals of Engineering Drawing By Warren J. Luzjader 3. Elementary Engineering by N.D Butt

Principles of Chemical Engineering I

Engineering calculations, units, dimensions, basis, temperature and pressure, Conversion, yield, selectivity, purge, percent of completion in chemical reactions, Material balance with and without chemical reaction, Recycle, Gases, vapors, liquids and solids, Ideal gas, mixture of ideal gases, Vapor pressure, Mixture of gas and saturated vapor, Vander Waals equation, equations of state, critical state and compressibility.

Recommended Books:

1. Himmelblau David M. “Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering”. 7th Ed. 2003. 2. Felder Richard M., Rousseau Ronald W. “Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes” 3rd Ed. 2001. John Willey & Sons. 3. Reklaitis G.V., Schneider Daniel R. “Introduction to Material and Energy Balances” 1983. John Wiley & Sons. 4. Hougen Olaf A., Watson Kenneth M. “Chemical Processes Principles”. 2004, John Wiley and Sons & CBS Publisher

Static Science and Strength of Materials

            Introduction to static science, force and force analysis, couples, equilibrium, moments, friction, modeling of projectile motion, centre of mass, center of gravity, strength of material definition, simple stress, shear stress, stress in cylinder, simple strain, thermal stress, deformation in beams, equations of stress and momentum in beams, curves of stress and moment in beams.

Recommended Books:

1- SI Version, J. L. Meriam, L.G. Kraige, Engineering Mechanics, Volume 1, John Wiley and Sons Inc. 200 

2- Ferdinand L. Singer, Andrew Pytel, Strength of Materials, HRPER & ROW Publisher, New York, 1980

Programming -I

The subject of computer science aims to student learning during the school year a basic idea of ​​the main calculator components and systems that operate in addition to the important office software such as word program, which is used in printed texts and documents and Excel software to design tables and program Power point in the design of the electronic presentations of all kinds and their applications in the field of chemical engineering and to identify new language for students and easy a language QBasic months of programming languages. And incorporated in the field of chemical engineering and writing interactions and solutions.

Recommended Books:  Any text book in computer programming 

English Language

            General grammatical information in English language, chemical and petrochemical engineering English language, scientifically terms in the fields of chemical and petrochemical engineering.

Recommended Books: Roy V. Hughson, The language of chemical engineering in English, Regents publishing Company, Inc, USA, 1979. 

Human Rights
Workshops

               Introduction to - wood work: hand tools & various operations; pattern making: types of patterns, allowances, color coding. etc; bench work & fitting: tools & operations; metal cutting and machine tools; safety measures; principles of operation of basic machine tools like lathe, shaping, & drilling; important operations on these machines; cutting tools and their usage, selection of cutting speeds, feeds, etc; welding, brazing and soldering. Practical assignments in wood work, fitting, lathe and shaping machine and arc welding.

Recommended Books: 1. Elements of Workshop Technology, Vol. I by S. K. Hajrachoudhury, 13th Edition, 2003, Asia Publishing House. 2. Elements of Workshop Technology, Vol. II by S. K. Hajrachoudhury, 13rt Edition, 2003, Asia Publishing House.

Basics of Electrical Engineering

 

اعطاء الطالب نظرة عامة عن مبادئ ومفاهيم الهندسة الكهربائية, وجعل الطالب قادرا على ان يعرف عناصر الدائرة الكهربائية  وامكانية تصميم و تحليل وتبسيط الدوائر المعقدة وتحويلها الى دوائر بسيطة بأستخدام اهم النظريات الكهربائية من اجل استخراج قيم التيار والفولتية ومن ثم حساب القدرة. بالاضافة الى ذلك, اعطاء الطالب فكرة عن الخصائص الفنية للعناصر الفعالة وغير الفعالة في الدوائر الكهربائية مثل المقاومات والمحثات والمتسعات والمحولات والمولدات و الدايود والترانسستر واهم تطبيقاتها في الحياة العملية وايضا جعل الطالب قادرا على ان يميزالفرق بين عمل الدوائر التماثلية مثل المضخمات والمذبذبات والمقومات وعمل الدوائر الرقمية مثل البوابات المنطقية والدوائر التتابعية.

 :Recommended Books

B.L. Theraja, “Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering and Electronics”-

:External sources 

1. Charles K. Alexander & Matthew n. o. Sadiku, “Fundamentals of Electric Circuits”, Fifth Edition, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Cleveland State University, 2013.

2- Don H. Johnson, “Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering I”, Rice University, Houston, Texas, 201

المرحلة الثانية
Mathematics

Conic sections, polar coordinates, Vectors, equation of plane, Partial differentiation, functions with more than one variable, Multiple integrals, inverse integral, change of multiple integral to polar coordinates, Series, Differential equations, variable separable, homogeneous, linear, general solution by D-operator. Matrices and determinants.

Recommended Books: 1. Edwards, C., and D. Penney. Elementary Differential Equations with Boundary Value Problems. 6th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2003. 2. Erwin Kreyszig, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, John Wiley, 2006. 3. George B. Thomas and Ross L. Finney, “Calculus and Analytic Geometry, Addison- Wesley, ISBN:0201531747. 4. George F. Simmons, “Calculus with Analytic Geometry”, McGraw-Hill, ISBN: 0070576424

Fluid Flow

Introduction, non-dimensional analysis, Static fluids, pressure of fluids, force applied by a fluid, immerged bodies, Types of flow, Bernoulli’s eq., Reynolds number, friction factor and pressure drop, flow in open channels, Pumps, pump efficiency, Flow and pressure measurements, Fluid flow in the presence of solid particles.

Practical: Laboratory experiments on Fluid flow, which include basic experiments on flow through pipes, channels, nozzles, packed beds, pipe-fittings and flow meters, pump test rigs, etc.

Recommended Books 1. R. W. Fox and A. T. McDonald, “Introduction to fluid mechanics”, 5th. Ed., John Wiley & Sons, 1998. 2. R. M. Holland, “Fluid Flow”, John Wiley & Sons, 1982. 3. W. L. McCabe, J. Smith and P. Harriot, "Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering", 6th Ed., McGraw - Hill, International Edition, 2001.

Electrical Technology
             Introduction, basic physical laws, circuit elements. KVL, KCL, and a few important circuit theorems, simple circuits. Transients in R-L, R-C, R-L-C. Sinusoidal Steady State, Real/Reactive Power, three phase. Working Principles of Transformers/AC/DC machines. Functional Characteristics of Diode, BJT, OP-AMP. Analog circuit Examples: rectifiers, amplifiers, oscillators, etc. Digital Circuits: AND/OR gates, Flip Flops, DAC/ADC, etc. Practical Ohm`s law, Kirchoff`s laws, calibration of ammeter and voltmeter, measurement of internal resistance, Oslo scope apparatus. Recommended Books: 1. Vincent Del Toro, Electrical Engineering Fundamental, Prentice Hall, 1989 2. K. A. Krishnamurthy and M. R. Raghuveer, Electrical and Electronics Engineering for Scientists’ Wiley Eastern Ltd.,1993.
Physical Chemistry

1st law of thermodynamics, 2nd and third laws of thermodynamics, Gibbs free energy, Chemical equilibrium, Chemical reactions, Rate of reaction equations, Phase equilibria in ideal solutions, Phase equilibria in non-ideal solutions, Electrochemical equilibrium, Surface thermodynamics, Experimental gas kinetics, Liquid kinetics, Viscosity of liquids , Electrical conductance, Electrolytes.

Practical Practical will be based on theory course.

Recommended Books: 1. P. W. Atkins, Physical Chemistry, ELBS/Oxford, 7th Edition, 1995. 2. Smith, J. M., H.C. van Ness and M.C. Abbott, 1996, Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamic, 5 Edition, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York 3. Daubert, T.E., 1985, Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York. 4. Sandler, S. I., 1989, Chemical and Engineering Thermodynamics, 2 Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Environmental Pollution

Water pollution, Specific measurement of water, COD, BOD, Supply and treatment of water, purification of water, Salt removal, treatment of heavy water of city, treatment of industrial water, Air pollution, Specific air measurements, Suspended particles, Gases, effect on human health, Industrial safety, Safety terms in equipments, Dangers, Effect of radioactive materials, Chemical effects, Biological effects, Storage of chemicals, Industrial safety, fires and their causes, Fire alarm systems, Fires of fine solid particles.

Recommended Books 1. S.P. Mahajan, “Pollution Control in Process Industries”, Tata-McGraw Hill, 1985. 2. N. L. Nemerow, “Liquid waste of Industry - Theories, Practices and Treatment”, Addison Wesley, New York, 1971. 3. W. J. Weber, “Physico-Chemical Processes for Water Quality Control”, Wiley Interscience, New York, 1969. 4. W. Strauss, “Industrial gas Cleaning”, Pergamon, London, 1975. 5. A.C. Stern, “Air Pollution”, Volumes I to VI, Academic Press, New York 1968. 6. P. C. Nicholas, “ Safety management practices for hazard waste materials”, Dekker, 1996.  

Programming

Introduction to visual basics, Explorer project window, properties, events, Project, project saving, applications, Files and projects, List, structure, coding of the list, Chatting boxes, mail boxes, ready box, file boxes, font boxes, color boxes, printing box, Basic statements in the visual basics, mathematical and logical statements, Decision statements, if statement, Go statement, complicated if statement, Statements of state, transformation function, IFF function, Loop statements. Practical Practical will be based on theory course.

Recommended Books: 1. G. Dromey, How to Solve It by Computer, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ, 1982. 2. Polya, G., How to Solve It (2nd ed.), Doubleday and co. (1957). 3. Coohoon and Davidson, C++ program Design: An introduction to programming and Object- Oriented Design. Tata McGraw Hill. 3rd edition. 2003.

Properties of Petroleum and Natural Gas
Introduction of petroleum and gas, oil production, chemical composition of petroleum, classification of crude oil, evaluation of petroleum, latent heat, heat of combustion, pressure - volume - temperature relationship, mixture of ideal gases, behavior of real gases, petroleum products, distillation of crude oil, important tests, important additives, methods of crude oil and natural gas treatment, theory of distillation, work required to compress natural gas, design of pipe line, removal of impurities from natural gas, methods of CO2 and H2S removal, removal of water from natural gas.
المرحلة الثالثة 
Engineering Analysis

1st order differential equations, 2nd order differential equations, Frobineous method, Error, Gamma, Beta, and Bell functions, Partial differential equations, Laplace transform, Mathematical modeling, Finite differences (application on chemical engineering systems) with multiple steps. Numerical methods, Elimination methods, Cramers / Matrix-inverse methods, Applications), Solving set of non-linear equations ( Newton / fixed point iteration method), Solving differential equations D.E, ordinary ( Euler, Modified Euler, Runge-Kutta), Numerical Integration ( Trapezoidal, Simpsons  rule), Interpolation ( linear, lagrange, Newton-Gregory, Stirling).

Recommended Books: 1. Jenson & Jeffreys, "Mathematical Methods in Chemical Engineering", Academic Press, 3rd ed., 1983. 2. Erwin Kreyszig, “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN: 0471728977. 3. John Polking, Al Boggess, & David Arnold “Differential Equations”, Prentice Hill, ISBN: 0131437380 4. Stephen Goode, “Differential Equations and Linear Algebra”, Prentice Hill, ISBN: 013263757X. 5. ‘Modelling and Simulation in Chemical Engineering’, Roger E. Franks, John Wiley and Sons, 1972. 6. ‘Mathematical Methods in Chemical Engineering’, Seinfeld and Lapidus, Prentice Hall,1974. 7. ‘Process Modeling, simulation and Control for Chemical Engineers’, W. L. Luyben, 1990.

Mass Transfer

  Diffusion, Mass transfer theories, mass transfer coefficients, Absorption of gases, Extraction (liquid-liquid), Leaching (solid-liquid), Distillation: continuous, , batch distillation, multi-component distillation, Humidification and cooling and drying towers, steps of drying, Evaporation: types of evaporators, single and multiple effect evaporators.

Practical Practical will be based on theory course.

Recommended Books: 1. R. E. Treybal “Mass Transfer Operations”, McGraw -Hill International Edition, 3rd  Ed., 1981. 2. W. L. McCabe, J. Smith and P. Harriot, "Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering", 6th  Ed, McGraw - Hill International Edition, 2001. 3. P. C. Wankat, “Equilibrium-Staged Separations”, Prentice Hall, 1989 4. C. J. Geankoplis, "Transport Processes and Unit Operations", 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall, India, 1993.

Statistics and measurements

Introduction: qualitative and conclusive statistics, population samples, graphical representation of data. Table and graphical representation: primary data, repeatability, normal distribution. Media determination. Scatter determination: standard and relative deviations. Standard distribution. Chi distribution: confidence limits, chi test, degree of freedom. Curve fitting: least square method, linear relations, exponential equations, gradient, and correlation coefficient. Statistical operations and frequency tables, Graphs, Central limit theorem, Measures of differences, Theory of probabilities, Distributions, confidence interval, normal distribution, two-sided, Poisson, Tests (Z, t, F, X2).

Recommended Books: 1. Douglas C. Montgomery, G. C. Runger, Applied Statistics and Probability for Engineers, John Wiley and Sons, 2003. 2. A. M. Mood and F. A. Graybill, An Introduction to the Theory of statistics, Prentice Hall of India, 1963. 3. P. G. Hoel, S. C. Port and C. J. Stone, Introduction to Statistical Theory, Houghton Miffin, 1971. 4. M.S. Peters and K.D. Timmerhaus, Plant Design and Economics for Chemical Engineers, McGraw Hill, 1991. 5. D.F. Rudd and C.C. Watson, Strategy of Process Engineering, John Wiley, 1969. 6. F.C. Jelen and J.H. Black, Cost and Optimization Engineering, McGraw Hill, 3rd ed., 1992. 7. S. Walas, Chemical Process Equipment Selection and Design, Butterworth, 1988. 8. M.V. Joshi, Process Equipment Design, McMillan India, New Delhi, 1976. 9. Sinnot, An Introduction to Chemical Engineering Design, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1989. 10. R. Smith, Chemical Process Design, McGraw Hill, 1995

Reactor Design
Thermodynamic of chemical reactions, Reaction kinetics, rate of reaction equation, Ideal reactors, Operation of reactors at different temperatures, Design of single reaction reactors, Recycle reactor, Self catalytic reactor, Introduction to design of reactors with heterogeneous reactions, analysis of the reactor (solid-fluid), height of the reactor unit, activity of catalyst. Recommended Books: 1. Fogler, H.S., 1992, Element of Chemical Reaction Engineering, 2 Edition, Prentice-Hall, Englewood-Cliffs, New Jersey. 2. Levenspiel, O., 1972, Chemical Reaction Engineering, 2 Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York. 3. Walas, S.M., 1995, Chemical Reaction Engineering Handbook of Solved Problems, Gordon & Breach Publishers, Amsterdam. 4. J. J. Carberry, “Chemical and Catalytic Reaction Engineering”, Dover, 2001. 5. J. Weitkamp, and L. Puppe (Eds.), “Catalysis and Zeolites: Fundamentals and Applications”,Springer Verlag, 1999. 6. S. S. E. H. Elnashaie, and S. S. Elshishini, Dynamic Modeling, Bifurcation and Chaotic Behavior of Gas-Solid Catalytic reactors, Taylor and Francis, 1996.
Heat Transfer

Heat transfer by conduction, convection and radiation, heat conductance, One-dimensional steady state conduction, Radial systems (cylinder and sphere), Overall heat transfer coefficient, Critical thickness of the insulator, Fins, Unsteady state conduction, Thermal boundary layer for laminar and turbulent flow, Analogy between fluid friction and heat transfer, Heat exchangers, Heat transfer by radiation.

Practical Practical will be based on theory course.

Recommended Books: 1. P. Holman, “Heat Transfer”, McGraw - Hill, 8,th Ed., 1997. 2. B. K. Dutta, “ Heat Transfer” Prentice Hall of India, 2001. 3. D.Q. Kern “Process Heat Transfer”, Tata McGraw - Hill, 2nd. Ed., 1997. 4. W. L. McCabe, J. Smith and P. Harriot, "Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering", 6th Ed.,McGraw - Hill, International Edition, 2001.

Thermodynamics

  Basic definitions, 1st law of thermodynamics for open and closed systems under steady and unsteady flow, Reversible process, Heat capacity, relations of temperature, pressure and volume with critical point, ideal gas behavior, Maxwell’s relations, throttling process, 2nd law of thermodynamics, heat engine, Carnot cycle, entropy and the 2nd law, lost work, entropy calculations, Freezing system and heat pump, Systems with varying concentrations, fugacity and its calculation, Vapor-liquid equilibrium.

Recommended Books: 1. Smith, J. M., H.C. van Ness and M.C. Abbott, 1996, Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamic, 5 Edition, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York 2. Daubert, T.E., 1985, Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York 3. Sandler, S. I., 1989, Chemical and Engineering Thermodynamics, 2 Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York

Properties of Engineering Materials

Crystals structure, phase diagrams, copper, aluminum and iron alloys, plastic materials and polymers, properties and uses of poly ethylene, ceramic materials, electrochemical cells (electrochemical theory), corrosion and control.

Practical Practical will be based on theory course.

Equipments Design Using Computers

Flow sheet of process design, types of flow sheets and symbols, block diagram, piping system and control systems, utility flow sheet, units layout, project evaluation and survey, land selection, cost estimation, Pumps and piping systems, pipe fittings, valves, steam traps, selection of metal type of pipes, Vessels and tanks, design of vertical columns, design of pressure vessel, foundation, Plate and packed columns, , losses in pressure in columns, Mechanical design. Heat exchangers, Mass transfer equipments; absorption or extraction columns, Heat and mass transfer equipments, distillation column, absorption, heat exchanger.

Practical Practical will be based on theory course.

Recommended Books: 1. HYSYS (or ChemCAD) User and Tutorial Guides. 2. Chau, Pao C. “Process Control : A First Course with MATLAB”, Cambridge University Press, 2002. Davis, Timothy A. and Sigmon, Kermit, “MATLAB Primer, 7th Ed.” Chapman & Hall/CRC, 2004

المرحلة الرابعة 
Engineering Project

Each student will be assigned a problem (either individually or as part of a group), and expected to submit a complete design report which includes market research, process selection and design, economic evaluation, unit operations and equipment details, a full design of three units of the plant and all the supporting drawings.

Recommended Books: 1. Baasel,W.D., 1990, Preliminary Chemical Engineering Plant Design, 2 Edition, van Nostrand, New York 2. Peters,M.S. and K.D. Timmerhaus, 1991, Plant Design and Economics for Chemical Engineers, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York 3. Sinnott, R.K., 1985, Coulson-Richardson’s Chemical Engineering Volume 6: An Introduction to 1. Chemical Engineering Design, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1985, bab 13. 4. J. Douglas, "Conceptual Design of Chemical Processes", McGraw Hill, 1989. 5. E. E. Ludwig, "Applied Project Engineering", 2nd Ed., Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, 1988. 6. P. Timmerhaus, “Plant Design and Economics for Chemical Engineers”, McGraw-Hill, 4th. Ed, 1991. 7. L.T. Biegler, I.E. Grossmann, A.W. Westerberg, “Systematic Methods of Chemical Process Design”, Prentice Hall International Series, 1997 8. R. Smith, "Chemical Process Design", McGraw Hill, New York, 1995.

Unit Operations
Transfer of heat, mass and momentum, Reynolds analogy, Boundary layer theory, Non Newtonian fluids, Mixing, Fluid flow through packed columns, Fluidization, Filtration, Flow of particles through fluids, Sedimentation, Centrifuge, Practical: sedimentation, screening, cooling towers, drying, Reynolds anology, gas-solid and liquid-solid fluidization, pressure drop through packed towers, filtration, free falling velocity.
Process Control

1st order response, time delay, steady state coefficient, final value theorem, 2nd order system, Closed loop systems, transfer function and flow diagram, Air control valve, Control system, discontinuous, proportional, integral, differential, Optimum control by Zegler-Nickes method, Stability, Routh’s method, Frequency response (Bode and Niquist diagram), Measuring devices of temperature, pressure, concentration and fluid flow.

Practical Practical will be based on theory course.

Recommended Books: 1. D.E. Seborg, T.F. Edgar, D. A. Mellichamp, Process Dynamics and Control, John Wiley and Sons, 2nd ed., 2004. 2. B.W. Bequette, Process Control: Modeling, Design and Simulation, Prentice Hall, New Delhi, 2003. 3. W.L. Luyben. Process Modeling Simulation and Control for Chemical Engineers, 2nd ed., McGraw Hill, 1990. 4. G. Stephanopoulos, Chemical Process Control: An Introduction to Theory and Practice, Prentice Hall, New Delhi, 1984.

Chemical Industries

Production of the basic materials for the petrochemical industry (olefins and aromatics), Petrochemicals from methane, Ethylene derivatives, Propylene derivatives, High molecular weight olefins derivatives, Petrochemicals in benzol and xylenes, Polymers production techniques, Thermoplastic, Thermoset, Industrial fibers, Industrial rubber. Treatment of industrial water. Prevention and removal of scales, Industrial carbon, Gases (carbon doxide, ammonia, nitrogen, helium, oxygen), Sulphur and its compounds,  Nitogen, carbon dioxide, ammonia, nitrogen, helium and oxygen  compounds, phosphoric acid, fertilizers, urea, nitric acid, Soap and detergents, Magnesium compounds, Ceramic industries, Cement, Glass industry, Paper and cellulose, Sugar industry, Fermentation industries, Fats and vegetable oils, Pharmaceutical industry.

Recommended Books: 1. Shreve's Chemical Process Industries ,5th edition,1988. 2. Kik-Othmer, Encyclopedia of chemical trchnology, 3th edition,1984. 3. Mcletta, Encyclopedia of chemical processing and design, 1987 Ullmans' , Encyclopedia of technology ,1987

Petroleum Refinery 

Crude oils, Chemical composition, Physical and chemical characteristics, Thermal processes, Catalytic processes, Conventional chemical treatment of refinery products, Lubricating oils, Production of different types of fuels and oil products (gasoil, solvents, car and aero plane gasoline, jet fuel, kerosene, diesel, asphalt, wax), Practical: density, flash point, viscosity, aniline point, sulphur content, water content, carbon content, salt content.

Recommended Books: 1. W.L. Nelson, Petroleum Refinery Engineering, 1991, MacGraw Hill. 2. G.D. Hobson:, Modern Petroleum technology, 1991, Applied Sc. Publisher. 3. J.H. Cary and G.E Handwork ,Petroleum Refinery Technology & Economics, 2001, Dekker. 4. S. Parkash, Refining Processes Handbook, 2003, Elsevier / GPP.

Managements and Economic Engineering  
        Economics: Estimation of cost of industrial projects, Factors affecting the production cost and investment, Capital investment, Cost index, Profit and cost of investment, Depreciation, Optimum design, Cost of the mass and heat transfer equipments.
Polymers Technology

History of Macromolecules - structure of natural products like cellulose, rubber, proteins - concepts of macro molecules - Staudinger’s theory of macromolecules - difference between simple organic molecules and macromolecules. Chemistry of Olefins and Dienes - double bonds - Chemistry of free radicals - monomers - functionality - Polymerization: Initiation - types of initiation - free radical polymerization - cationic polymerization - anionic polymerization - coordination polymerization - industrial polymerization - bulk, emulsion, suspension and solution polymerization techniques - Kinetics - Copolymerization concepts. Simple condensation reactions - Extension of condensation reactions to polymer synthesis - functional group reactivity - poly condensation - kinetics of poly condensation- Carother’s equation - Linear polymers by poly condensation - Interfacial polymerization - cross linked polymers by condensation - gel point. Difference in molecular weights between simple molecules and polymers - number average and weight average molecular weights - Degree of polymerization and molecular weight - molecular weight distribution - Polydispersity - molecular weight determination. Different methods - Gel Permeation Chromatography - Osmometry, Light Scattering. First and second order transitions - Glass transition, Tg - multiple transitions in  polymers - experimental study - significance of transition temperatures - crystallinity in polymers - effect of crystallization - in polymers - factors affecting crystallization crystal nucleation and growth - relationship between Tg and Tm - Relationship between properties and crystalline structure.

Recommended Books: 1. Billmeyer.F.W.,Jr, Text Book of Polymer Science, Ed. Wiley-Inter science, 1984. 2. Seymour.R.B., and Carraher.C.E., Jr., Polymer Chemistry, 2nd Ed., Marcel Dekker, 1988. 3. . Gowariker.V.T., Viswanathan.N.V., and Sreedar.J., Polymer Science, Wiley Eastern Ltd., 1988. 4. Joel,R.F; Polymer Science and Technology, Eastern Economy Edition, 1999. 5. Rodriguez, F., Cohen.C., Oberic.K and Arches, L.A., Principles of Polymer Systems, 5th edition, Taylor.

Corrosion Engineering

Introduction: definition of corrosion, why it happens, direct and indirect disadvantages. Types of corrosion; dry corrosion, wet corrosion, eight form of corrosion. Mechanism of crevice corrosion. Electrochemical-thermodynamics and kinetics ; corrosion attack models based on electrochemical reactions. Corrosion rate calculation: wet loss method, electrochemical method. Polarization: definition, types. Passivity. Effect of temperature and velocity on corrosion reaction. Corrosion prevention techniques for piping systems and process equipment . Evaluation of corrosion by gases and solutions; Abrasion. Corrosion case studies from the petroleum industry.

Recommended Books: 1. Schweitzer, P.A. (ed.), 1989, Corrosion and Corrosion Protection Handbook , Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York 2. Fontana.,M.G., 1987, Corrosion Engineering, Mc Graw Hill Co. 3. Jones,.D.A., 1992, Principles and Prevention of Corrosion, Macmillan Pub Co.

 

 

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